Tag Archives: shrub

Fast Growing Privacy Screen: Wax Myrtle

Wax Myrtle (Myrica cerifera or Morella cerifera) a.k.a. Southern Bayberry is an evergreen, which is native to the U.S. It is versatile and will work for most landscapes. It can be used alone as a specimen or group together to form quick growing hedges or privacy screen.

Makes a great specimen alone or grouped as a privacy screen

Makes a great specimen alone or grouped as a privacy screen

Wax myrtle has multiple stems growing from a common root collar. Left unpruned, it will become a multitrunk tree, which can reach heights of 25 feet but is normally maintained at 10 to 15 feet.

Female plants produce prolific amounts of berries to feed wildlife

Female plants produce prolific amounts of berries to feed wildlife

Propagation is by underground runners, which extend the growth laterally.  Seed germination is possible if the waxy coating is removed. This likely occurs in the digestive systems of birds that eat the berries so it is possible that birds help provide “propagation by nature” in disturbed areas or along fences where they rest.

“Wax-myrtle is a popular ornamental because it grows quickly, responds well to pruning, and is heavily clothed in attractive evergreen foliage.”

It has the ability to grow in a variety of habitats but prefers moist, sandy soils and is a great addition for areas that may experience flooding, yet it proves to be a wonderful, drought-tolerant species once established. It is also salt-tolerant, does well in full sun to partial shade but the growth will be considerably thinner in total shade.  It is recommended for street planting especially beneath powerlines because it looks great in any shape. It is hurricane wind resistant.

It provides excellent cover for wildlife. Wild turkey, bob-white quail, various waterfowl, catbirds, thrashers, bluebirds, vireos, warblers, tree swallows, squirrels and other mammals are some of the species who rely on its berries as a winter food source. Mockingbirds use it to build well hidden nests albeit some of them prove to be “decoy” nests apparently set up to throw off other birds or the birds of prey.

birds find nesting cover within the branches of Wax Myrtle

birds find nesting cover within the branches of Wax Myrtle

It is dioecious and only female plants have fruits provided there is a male nearby for pollination. It has subtle yet pretty blooms in the spring. It is a larval host for Red-banded Hairstreak Butterfly, which use the leaf litter below the plant as the host, another good reason to leave your leaves in place. It is a larval host for the Polyphemus Moth (Antheraea polyphemus) and serves as a nesting zone for yellow garden spiders and other beneficial creepy crawlies.

colorful blooms

colorful blooms

It’s functional uses transcend into the home as the wax coated fruits can be used to make scented candles and the leaves can be used to make a pale yellow shade of dye. Although there is no scientific proof that it repels fleas, my dogs have not been treated with chemicals and yet they have no fleas. On the one occasion that I did see fleas, I made an infusion from the leaves and sprayed the dogs. The next day the fleas were gone.  If you crush the leaves and rub them on your arms and legs it will repel biting flies.

Glorious scents and thick greens make it a nice tabletop bouquet

Glorious scents and thick greens make it a nice tabletop bouquet

This plant does have two minor downsides, although they are quite workable and certainly don’t warrant passing this beauty up:  It should not be planted too close to structures as it has oils contained in the leaves that could ignite in a fire. It is larval host for what is considered to be the most toxic stinging caterpillar in the United States, the puss caterpillar (Megalopyge opercularis). The caterpillars are hardly prolific and can be easily swept into a container while wearing gloves and moved to an untravelled area of your yard.

Warblers flock to Myrica cerifera to feast on waxy berries

Warblers flock to Myrica cerifera to feast on waxy berries

Wax Myrtle gives a myriad of wildlife entertainment and other benefits to those who choose it for their landscapes.

There will be a great selection of Florida Native Plants to provide biodiversity in your yard at the 4th Annual Central Florida Native Plant Sale.  A follow-up to the Florida Association of Native Nurseries Trade Show each year at Osceola Heritage Park in Kissimmee, this years’ event takes place on Thursday and Friday March 31 and April 1 from 2 p.m. to 7 p.m. and on Saturday April 2 from 9 a.m. until noon.

Loret 2016

References:

Van Deelen, Timothy R. 1991. Myrica cerifera. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Available: http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/ [2016, March 20].

Loret T. Setters. Wildly Wonderous Wax Myrtle, Beautiful Wildlife Garden. 2010. http://web.archive.org/web/20101205083930/http://www.beautifulwildlifegarden.com/wildly-wonderous-wax-myrtle.html

Florida Native Plant Society. http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/myrica-cerifera

Shrubs: Beautyberry, Wax Myrtle, Firebush, Walter’s viburnum and more!

Just a small sampling of the many shrubs which will be available at the sale.  Shop EARLY for best selection. Some sell out quickly.

© Maple Street Natives

© Maple Street Natives

Click on the name to learn planting conditions:

Beautyberry

False Indigo

Wax Myrtle

Simpson stopper

Firebush

Walter’s viburnum

Wild coffee

Elderberry

Amorpha fruticosa (BASTARD FALSE INDIGO)

Amorpha fruticosa (BASTARD FALSE INDIGO) is a deciduous shrub with lacey leaves. It can be used as a specimen, screen, hedge, or background plant growing to a height of 6-12ft.

Larval host for butterfly: southern dogface (Zerene cesonia), gray hairstreak (Strymon melinus), and silver-spotted Skipper (Epargyreus clarus)

Attracts pollinators

Learn planting conditions: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/amorpha-fruticosa

Hamelia patens (FIREBUSH)

jennyfirebush

Photo © Jenny Welch

Firebush grows 10 ft, tall to use as a hedge, specimen or backdrop. Cold sensitive, will die back if freeze but should regenerate from roots. Sun to part sun.

Don’t be fooled by common names. Before buying, check the species. Those sold in big box stores generally are not native to Florida. A clue is the color of the fruit. Orange/Yellow fruit are not the native, black fruit is!

Wildlife interaction: HUMMINGBIRDS and Zebra Longwing butterflies are attracted to red flowers. fruits feed birds/mammals

Learn planting conditions:  http://fnps.org/plants/plant/hamelia-patens

Rusty Staggerbush (Lyonia fruticosa)

Blue Dasher Dragonfly rests on coastalplain staggerbush

Blue Dasher Dragonfly rests on coastalplain staggerbush

Want Dragonflies? Pollinators? Along with a water source, Lyonia (Lyonia spp.) shrubs provide perfect habitat as landing areas and nectar source.  Good cover for mammals.  A slow growing small tree or shrub. Bell shaped flowers with evergreen leaves that have a dusting of a rust coloring providing interesting foliage.

Learn planting conditions: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/lyonia-fruticosa

Wax Myrtle (Myrica cerifera)

butterbuttHeadlessWaxMyrtleberriesFeb2015Want warblers? butterflies? A wax myrtle (Myrica cerifera) shrub will entice them. Great cover and female plants get waxy berries the birds love.

Larval host: banded hairstreak (Satyrium calanus) and red-banded hairstreak (Calycopis cecrops) butterflies.

Learn planting conditions: http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/myrica-cerifera

Chrysobalanus icaco (COCO PLUM)

004cocoplumSHARON
Photo © Sharon Dolan http://www.maplestreetnatives.com

Coco Plum is a shrub that provides dense coverage. At a height of 10-30 ft works as a specimen, hedge or screening plant.  Sun to part sun.

Wildlife interaction: The showy flowers will bring in the pollinators and the fruits feed mammals (including humans…think JELLY!) and birds.

Learn more:  http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/chrysobalanus-icaco